1618 – In the Second Defenestration of Prague, Protestant members of the Bohemian aristocracy threw Catholic regents of Emperor Ferdinand II out the third-storey window of Prague Castle, precipitating the Thirty Years’ War.
1701 – Scottish privateer William Kidd was executed for piracy.
1844 – Siyyid `Alí-Muhammad Shírází proclaimed that he was “the Báb”, after a Shi`a religious concept, marking the beginning of the Bábí movement, the forerunner of the Bahá’í Faith.
1934 – American criminals Bonnie Parker and Clyde Barrow were ambushed and killed by police on a desolate road near their hideout in Bienville Parish, Louisiana.
1945 – End of World War II in Europe: Reichspräsident Karl Dönitz was captured and his Flensburg Government was dissolved.
2008 – To resolve a 29-year-old territorial dispute, the International Court of Justice awarded Middle Rocks to Malaysia and Pedra Branca to Singapore.
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