Carrier Oils for Mixing with Essential Oils



Pure Essential Oils are mostly too strong and concentrated to be used directly
on our skin. So they should be diluted with carrier or base oils so that they
can be rubbed or massaged onto the skin.  Essential Oils can be very expensive
and will not go very far when full strength, but will cover a large area when
diluted and will be just as effective. Oils which are termed “Extra Virgin, Cold
Pressed Oils” are the best carrier oils to use. These are the first pressed oils
from a crop. The oils come from the nut or seed of the plants. Although there
are hundreds of oil bearing plants only a few are produced commercially.

Also the oils which themselves have no, or a minimum of, aroma of their own are
more suitable for Aromatherapy, to allow the Essential oils themselves to work

Later extraction’s can come from heat or solvent processes which can destroy
vital trace minerals and vitamins found in the oils. It is also wise to avoid
mineral oils and baby oils as well.

Sweet Almond

The first choice of many aromatherapists as it is good for all skin types.
Almond oil diluted with 10% of Avocado or Wheatgerm (unless the user is allergic
to wheat) is good for people with dry skin, and can help relieve itching,
soreness and dryness. Never mix this oil up with the essential oil from bitter
almonds as this oil is never used in aromatherapy due to the risk of prussic
acid forming.


A good second choice carrier especially for those whose skin seems not to absorb
other oils very quickly.

Apricot Kernel

Another good for all skin types, but especially sensitive or prematurely mature

Peach Kernel

And another good for all skin types, along with Sweet Almond and Apricot Kernel
oils it is a rich and nourishing oil.


Used in a 10% dilution, for rheumatic conditions, hair care and cosmetics.


Can be used 100% on all skin types.

Sunflower Seed

Can be used 100%

Sesame Seed

Used as a 10% addition to main oils. Can assist with psoriasis, eczema,
rheumatism, and arthritis.

Usually deodorized for use in aromatherapy coconut oil can aid tanning and is
reputed to filter the sun’s rays. Can cause a rash on some people.


Used as an addition to other base oils, 10% to 25%. It is good for eczema and
dry, dehydrated skin.


This Oil has an anti-inflammatory, anti-spasmodic, vulnerary (aiding healing of
wounds) effect and so is very useful in its own right. The addition of essential
oils enhance the effects of the oils together, (a synergistic effect). It also
blends well with Hypericum.


Macerated oil from St Johns Wort. An anti-inflammatory oil. It is soothing and
effective on wounds and is helpful in cases of neuralgia, sciatica and
fibrositus.  Blends well with Calendula.


Used 10% in a mixture. Helps eczema, psoriasis, prematurely aged skin, and slows
down mixed blends of oils from deterioration.


More of a liquid wax than an oil, used as a 10% addition to other oils.


Description of Essential And Carrier Oils & Some Uses



Allspice – Berry Pimenta Officinalis (Family, Myrtaceae)

Its spicy scent often used in potpourris. and used to flavor beverages, sweets
and    other foods. warming, cheering, sense enhancing. Warning Avoid use in
Almond – (sweet)Prunus amygdalus, P. dulcis (Family, Rosaceae)

Obtained from the Nut of the tree and native to Asia and the Mediterranean this
oil is a favourite Carrier oil for Essential oil aromatherapy blends. It is used
in itself    for moisturizing skin.
Ambrete – seed Abelmoscyhus moschatus AKA Hibiscus abelmoschus (Family,

Perfume Note=Middle

This has a sweet, floral musky, aroma which gets better after a few months of
storage, and works well with many other oils. Used in Muscle aches and pains
related to fatigue and poor circulation. Can be used as an anti-depressant
Amyris – Amyris balsamifera, Schimmelia oleifera (Family, Rutaceae)

Perfume Note=Middle/Base

Calming  and an aid to stress relief. It has sedative properties and helps
meditation. AKA Sandalwood Amyris
Angelica Root – Angelica archangelica, A. officinalis (Family, Apiaceae

Perfume Note=Top

A warm, musky, earthy aroma with excellent staying power. Only small quantities
are needed to create an effect in a perfume. Aromatherapy: anchoring,
restorative,   strengthening,  used for depression. Oil can also come from the
seed. Warning   Avoid use in Sun.
Aniseed – Illicium Verum (Family, Illiciaceae)

The seeds of aniseed have long been used as an aid to digestion. The Essential
oil has a sweet, fresh aroma and can be used for any cramping, indigestion, or
digestive problems, (though not internally), and for spasmodic coughs. AKA Star
Anise Warning  Do not use Aniseed  during pregnancy.
Anise – Pimpinella Anisum, Anisum officinalis (Family, Apiaceae [Umbelliferae])

Perfume Note=Middle

Cheering, sense enhancing, mildly euphoric. Added to perfumes for a rich, sweet
fragrance. Aids relaxation and emotional balance. Warning Could cause skin
problems in the very sensitive.
Apricot – Kernal Armeniaca Vulgaris, Prunis armeniaca (Family, Rosaceae)

This nut oil, from Asia, is another oil used as a carrier. Believed to be good
for the skin.
Arjowan – Trachyspermum ammi, T. copticum (Family, Apiaceae)

Good for circulation and muscular problems. Warning Due to slight toxicity use
sparingly, especialy if you have sensitive skin.
Avocado – Persea americana, Persea gratissima (Family, Lauraceae)

This oil is added to carrier oils, up to 20% as an aid to skin moisturizing.
May be toxic in large amounts
Babassu – Orbignya barbosiana (Family, Arecaceae)

From the Amazon this Palm tree is used for many purposes. The oil is from the
nut   and may be used as a carrier oil. This soothing oil has been used for
stretch marks.
Balsam – Peru Myroxylon balsamum var. pererae (Family, Fabaceae Legumunosae])

Perfume Note=Base

Used on chafed skin to soothe. Exotic aroma, anchoring, strengthening and
imparts a rich, earthy scent to perfumes..
Basil – Osimum Basilicum (Family, Labiatae)

Perfume Note=Top

Invigorates body and spirit: helps refresh the mind allowing concentration,
especially when tired. A good nerve tonic after a stressful day. It has a sweet
liquorice-like fragrance, Blends well with Lavender, Bergamot, Clary Sage and
Geranium.  Warning  Do not use Basil during pregnancy, can be a skin irritant.

Also East Indian Basil, (O. gratissimum) and Hairy Basil (O. Canum) and lots
Bay Leaf – Pimenta Racemosa (Family, Myrtaceae)

Uplifting. A good scalp and hair tonic, and for Respiratory disorders and
depression. Can be stimulating to the memory. Warning  Bay can be a skin
irritant, so must be used with care.

AKA West Indian Bay. Laurel AKA Sweet Bay. (Laurus noblis) is also a Bay.
Beechnut – Fagus grandifolia, F. sylvatica (Family, Fagaceae)

A soothing oil from the nut is used as a carrier.
Ben Moringa – oleifera, M. pterygosperma (Family, Moringaceae)

From the seeds this oil is used in skin care.
Benzoin – tincture Styax benzoin (Family, Styacaceae)

Perfume Note=Base

Soothes, stimulates, comforts and warms. Add to carrier oil/cream for protecting
skin against chapping or cracking.

AKA Friars Balsam. Other Oils; Balsam of Tolu (Myroxylon balsamum), Balsam of
Peru (M. balsamum var, Pereirae), Styrax (Liquidamber orientalis).
Bergamot – Citrus Bergamia (Family, Rutaceae)

Perfume Note=Top

Relaxes and refreshes and is good for confidence building. Uplifts the spirit
and emotions with its delicious fresh and invigorating citrus fragrance. Useful
for caring for oily and blemished skin. Lovely light citrus aroma. Use in
vaporizer to disperse unpleasant odorous. It is familiar to many as the
flavoring in Earl Gray Tea.  Warning  Do not apply to the skin before going out
into the sun – It can increase the susceptibility of the skin to severe burning.

A bergapten free Bergamot is available which reduces the susceptibility to
Birch – Sweet Betula lenta (Family, Betulaceae)

This has a sweet, bracing aroma. It is said to be effective on arthritic and
muscular    pain and can be a stimulant to the circulation, but is rarely used
in Aromatherapy.    Warning Is slightly toxic and smells like Sweets. Keep

Birch, White. Betula alba (Family, Betulaceae)

Can help to clear the skin and help with psoriasis and eczema. Believed to
assist in removing toxins and boosting the circulation.
Black Current Seed & Bud Rives – nigrum (Family, Grossulariaceae)
This Asian and European plant provides oil from the seeds and the buds, The seed
oil is used as an up to  20% carrier oil addition and bud oil is a very
expensive ingredient for perfumery and in foods. The seed oil has been used in
PMS problems. The berry is a very high source of Vitamin C.
Black Pepper – Piper Nigrum (Family, Piperceae)

Perfume Note=Middle

With a pungent aroma it stimulates and tones. Warming oil during the cold winter
season. Ideal for massaging on abdomen and muscles. Use in pre-sports or dance
rub to help maintain suppleness. One of the earliest used spices, Interesting
effects happen when it is used in perfume blends. It blends well with Rose,
Rosemary, Marjoram and Lavender, but should only be used in small amounts.
Warning Black Pepper can be a skin irritant, so must be used with care.
Borage – Borago officinalis (Family, Boraginaceae)

From the seeds this oil is high in GLA (gamma-linoleic acid), reputed to slow
down the skins aging processes. It issued as part of a carrier oil, to 25%
Brazil nut – Bertholletia excelsa (Family, Lecythidaceae)

Another nut carrier oil from the Amazon. As it is libel to become rancid quickly
this oil needs special attention to storage in a dark cool place.
Cajaput Melaleuca – Cajaputi (Family, Myrtaceae)

Perfume Note=Top

Improves mood, increases resistance to infections. A good ‘unwinding’ oil. Can
be   used in a Steam inhalation to help clear the nasal passages, also helpful
when treating oily skin and spots.  Warning  Cajaput is a stimulant and an
irritant and   must be used with care.
Calendula – Calendula officinalis (Family, Asteraceae)

Good for skin infections, wounds, rashes, bites and inflammations.  Also used
for other inflammations, e.g. hemorrhoids and Rheumatism. (See also Marigold.)
Calophyllum – Calophyllum inophullum (Family, Guttiferae)

This Asian nut yields a high percentage of its weight as an oil. Sometimes used
as a carrier oil though it is quite thick in consistency.
Camphor –  White Cinnamon Camphor (Family, Lauraceae)

Can be used to care for oily or spotty skin and also as an insect repellent.
Also used in detergents, soaps, disinfectants, deodorants, room sprays etc.
Warning Camphor should be used sparingly and completely avoided by those
suffering from epilepsy.
Canola – (rapeseed)Brassica napus (Family, Brassicaceae)

From the seeds of the plant this oil is used in cooking and as a carrier. The
original species contained up to 40% erucic acid which was harmful to the
Thyroid, Kidneys and other internal organs. The modern genetically altered
species only contains about 1% of the Toxic acid.
Caraway – Carum carvi (Family, Apiaceae [Umbelliferae])

An oil sometimes included in “Love Potions”. Can help circulation and intestinal
problems. Good for the skin and decreases bruising. Warning Can be irritating on
some skins.
Cardamom Seed – Elettaria Cardomum (Family, Zingiberaceae)

Perfume Note=Top

The sweet, spicy, warming fragrance of cardamom has been enjoyed since the days
of the ancient Egyptians, who used it as a perfume and incense. It can be used
as an aid to digestion and makes an excellent bath oil as a tonic which
refreshes and invigorates. Also use a lot, sparingly, in cooking and also
Carrot seed & root- Daucus – Carota (Family, Apiaceae [Umbeliferae])

Perfume Note=Middle

From the seed, this essential oil has the same sweet, earthy fragrance of the
vegetable. Considered to be particularly beneficial for dry, mature skin-types
and will can help to restore elasticity to the skin and could therefore reduce
wrinkles. The root oil is used in food coloring, (yellow), and in sun tan
Cashew nut – Anacardium occidentale (Family, Anacardiaceae)

This oil from Latin America and Asia is added as 20% to carriers
Cassia – Cinnamomum cassia (Family, Lauraceae))

Perfume Note=Middle(only room scent)

Distinctly spicy like cinnamon bark. Used to flavor all kinds of food and
toothpaste, mouthwash and chewing gum.  Warning  Cassia is very irritating to
the skin and can cause an allergic reactions.
Castor – Ricunus communis (Family, Euphorbiaceae)

Native to India, Castor has been used for centuries. Eating the nuts can be
fatal, one to five nuts can kill a child. The oil is extracted at a low
temperature to keep the Ricin from being in the oil. Used as an analgesic,
clearing blackheads and for  dandruff.
Cedarwood – Juniperus Mexicana Scheide (Family, Pinaceae)

Perfume Note=Base

With a woody balsamic aroma. It is used in perfumes to add body and a warm note
to any blend. And as Cedarwood Virginia therapeutically.
Cedarwood – Virginia Juniperus Virginiana (Family, Cupressaceae)

Perfume Note=Base

Soothes and harmonizes. Recognized as a therapeutic oil from ancient times. An
astringent oil useful for protection and caring for oily and blemished skin, and
as  an inhalant relieves mucoussy coughs and colds. Helps to combat cellulite,
use in  wardrobe to repel moths. It makes a pleasant warm and woody room
fragrance, the Tibetans use it as temple incense.  Warning Use Cedarwood during
pregnancy only in moderation.
Celery Seed – Alpium graveolens (Family, Apiaceae [Umbelliferae])

A sweet spicy aroma. It may stimulate milk flow, balance hormones, relieve liver
and elimination system problems.
Chamomile – German Matricaria Chamomilla or M. recutia (Family, Asteraceae

Perfume Note=Middle

An Absolute. German chamomile AKA blue chamomile or chamomile matricaria.  The
blue color is from azulene which is formed during the distillation of  the oil.
The odor is sweet and adds a warm, long-lasting undertone in perfumes. All the
Chamomiles are used in massage oils and herbal mixtures.
Chamomile – Roman Chamaemelum nobile or Anthemis noblis (Family, Asteraceae

Perfume Note=Middle Illustration by Diana Lambourne

Well known for its strong soothing effect on mind and body. The Roman is more
expensive but superior to the Moroc. They are excellent for protecting dry skin.
They have many uses e.g. can be used to treat nerve, headache, insomnia,
menstrual disorders and the Roman is a comforting oil during high pollen count.
A gentle oil suitable for the young and fragile. One of the few essential oils
that can be used on inflamed skin conditions. Blends well with Lavender,
bergamot, jasmine, neroli, and clary sage. Read the Aromatherapy books for their
varied uses.
Cinnamon – Cinnamomum Zeylanicum (Family, Lauraceae)

Perfume Note=middle (only room scent)

Warms and stimulates. A strong antiseptic, it has a cleansing effect. Used as a
comforting oil during the cold season, A lovely room fragrance, especially
during Xmas. Warning  Cinnamon is a powerful irritant and must not be used on
the skin.
Citronella – Cymbopogon Nardus (Family, Poaceae [Gramineae])

Perfume Note=Top

Light, fresh and uplifting oil,  is a natural deodorizer, also useful as an
insect and cat repellent.
Clary Sage – Salvia Sclerea (Family, Lamiaceae [Labiatae])

Perfume Note=Top/Middle

Soothes, relaxes and warms. uplifts the spirit. Contains a hormone-like compound
similar to estrogen that regulates hormonal balance. Massage on muscles and on
abdomen before and during menstruation. Induces feeling of  well-being. Can
provoke dramatic and colorful dreams…. helpful with oily hair and skin,
dandruff and treating wrinkles. Sensual properties. Warning  Do not use during
pregnancy. Do not drink alcohol or drive.
Clove – Syzygium aromaticum or Eugenia caryophyllata (Family, Myrtaceae)

Perfume Note=Middle (room scent only)

An antiseptic and stimulating oil useful in mouthwash and gargle. Comforting
rubbed onto gums, traditionally used to relieve toothache. Could be an effective
mosquito repellent.  Warning  Clove is a powerful skin irritant and should be
used carefully. Do not use during pregnancy.
Coriander – Coriandum sativum (Family, Apiacea [Umbelliferae])

Perfume Note=Top

A sweet-smelling, spicy essence. It makes a good massage blend to relieve
stiffness and muscle ache. In the bath it is refreshing and stimulating.
Cumin – Cuminum cyminun (Family, Apiaceae [Umbelliferae])

A sharp, spicy aroma. May be used for those who have mental or physical
exhaustion. Could stimulate the metabolism of those who are obese and/or have
excessive fluid. Warning May be slightly photosensitizing or irritating to some
Cypress – Cupressus sempervirens (Family, Cupressaceae)

Perfume Note=Middle

With its smoky woody fragrance it refreshes, restores and tones. An astringent
oil useful for refreshing and caring for oily and blemished skin, As an anti-
perspirant it is good for sweaty feet. Massage on abdomen during menstruation
and where there is cellulite. Good menopausal oil. Natural deodorant. Blends
well with Lavender and Sandalwood.
Dill – Anethum graveolens Apiaceae [Umbelliferae])

Some say can reduce appetite, and, with fennel and baking soda, is a constituent
of “Gripe Water”.
Eucalyptus – Eucalyptus Globulus (Family, Myrtaceae)

Perfume Note=Top

Powerful antiseptic, widely used in baths and massage during the cold season.
Blend oil in chest rubs and use in a vaporizer to keep air germ free in sick
room. Blends well with Lavender and Pine.

There are many more Eucalyptus oils, including; Australian Eucalyptus, (E.
australina); Lemon Eucalyptus, (E. citriodora); Dives or Broad-Leaved
Peppermint, (E. dives); Peppermint Eucalyptus, (E> piperita); Blue Mallee (E.
polybractea); Gray peppermint, (E. radiata); Cully Gum, (E. smithii) and more.
Evening Primrose – Centhera biennis

Rich in GLA, vitamins and minerals. Excellent for face and body massage blends,
especially to combat dry, revitalized skin and eczema, Used by PMT sufferers,
internally in small amounts, to ease the symptoms.
Fennel – Foeniculum vulgare (Family, Apiaceae [Umbelliferae])

Perfume Note=Top/Middle

Has a sweet aniseed-like aroma which makes it pleasant for skin care. For
massage where there is cellulite and for the digestive system, especially the
dreaded wind. Good for breast firming massage and to promote milk production,
use sparingly.  Warning  Fennel can be a skin irritant. Do not use it on young
children. Do not use if pregnant. Do not use if suffering from epilepsy.
Fir Needle – Abies Alba (Family, Pinaceae)

Perfume Note=Middle

A Fresh spicy scent. A few drops will remind you of the fir forests. A festive
aroma for a freshly cut Christmas tree.  Warning Dilute well. It can be a skin

Also:- Canadian Balsam, (A. balsamea); Siberian Fir, (A. siberica); Hemlock,
(Tsuga canadensis); Pine q.v.; Black Spruce, (Picea mariana); Terebinth, (P.
Palustris and others).
Frankincense – Boswellia Thurifera or B. carteri (Family, Burseraceae)

Perfume Note=Base

Also known as “Olibanum” B. papyrifera. Soothes, warms and aids meditation. It
has been used for centuries, and burnt on alters and in temples. “Creates a
‘spiritual’ atmosphere”.  Comforting oil, by slowing down breathing and
controlling tension it helps to focus the mind. Excellent for toning and caring
for mature/aging skin. (claimed to have rejuvenating qualities [the Egyptians
used it in rejuvenation face-masks.])

Elemi (Canarium luzonicum) is related.
Galbanum – Ferula galbaniflua Apiaceae)

Used more in food flavouring but may aid mature skin types and assist in
clearing    congested breathing.
Geranium – Pelargonium Graveolen (Family, Geraniaceae)

Perfume Note=Middle to Top Illustration by Diana Lambourne

A balancing oil for the mind and body. A fresh, floral and sweet smelling oil it
relaxes, restores and maintains stability of the emotions. An astringent oil
excellent for all skin types. Used in skin care products for both its fragrance
and cleansing properties. Useful insect repellent.  For massage where there is
cellulite and treating eczema and psoriasis. Blends well with other floral oils,
and, mixed with Lavender and Bergamot produces a delightful room freshener.
Ginger – Zingiber Officinalis Zingiberaceae)

Perfume Note=Top

Fiery and fortifying. Comforting oil and for massaging on the muscles. Good for
nausea and sickness. Blend with orange for warming winter baths. Blends
especially well with orange and other citrus oils.
Grapefruit – Citrus Paradisi (Family, Rutaceae)

Perfume Note=Top

Refreshes and uplifts the spirit. Lovely fresh aroma which can help with nervous
exhaustion. it relieves congested and oily skin, having a toning effect on both
skin and tissues. For this reason it is a good oil to use when treating
cellulitis.  Warning do not use Grapefruit on the skin in direct sunlight.
Hyssop – Hyssopus Officinalis (Family, Lamiaceae [Labiatae])

Sacred to the Greeks and the Hebrews where Hyssop brooms were used to clean out
sacred places. Warm and Vibrant, can promote alertness and clarity of  thought.
When used in a fragrancer can protect rooms from infection. Used to treat colds
and flu, helps heal bruised skin.  Warning  Powerful oil not to be used when
pregnant, suffering from epilepsy, or high blood pressure.
Jasmine – Absolute Jasminum Officinale or J Grandiflorum (Family, Oleaceae)

Perfume Note=Base Illustration by Diana Lambourne

Emotionally warming. Relaxes, soothes, uplifts and helps self confidence. Good
for stress and general anxiety. Perfect skincare oil, excellent for hot, dry
skin. Sensual properties and reputedly an Aphrodisiac!.  Only needs to be used
in very small quantities. Exquisite perfume.  A vast quantity of blossoms, which
must be gathered at night when their scent is at their highest, are required to
produce only a few drops of oil, so it is a Very expensive oil.
Juniper – Juniperus Communis (Family, Cupressaceae)

Perfume Note=Middle Illustration by Diana Lambourne

Tones and stimulates. an antiseptic and astringent oil for bath and massage
where there is cellulite. Restores psychic purity.  Fresh woody aroma.  Has a
cleansing effect on the body, used in many masculine perfumes, after shaves and
colognes, and has a calming effect on the emotions. Reputed to strengthen the
immune system. {And don’t forget the Gin!}  Warning  Juniper should not be used
when pregnant.
Lavender – Lavendula Angustifolium Lamiaceae [Libiatae])

Perfume Note=Middle to Top Illustration by Diana Lambourne

Undoubtedly the most versatile and useful oil. NO home should be without it.
Relaxes, Soothes, restores and balances your body and mind. Calms or stimulates
according to your bodies needs. Excellent for refreshing tired muscles, feet and
head.  Add a drop to the pillow/sheet before peaceful sleep. Treats burns and
reduces scaring.  Can be used neat in small amounts on burns, but care still
needs to be taken. Blends happily with many other oils. Lavender has so many
uses that it is recommended that further reference be made to the many books on
Aromatherapy. Lavender is a Must! More on Lavender and its uses
Lavandin – Lavandula hybrida (Family, Lamiaceae [Labiatae])

Perfume Note=Middle to Top

Lavandin is a hybrid plant, a cross between true lavender and spike lavender.
The    oil has a camphoraceous, herbaceous, floral aroma. Used in many types of
perfumes, soaps and detergents. Blends well with many other oils including
cypress, geranium, citronella, clove, cinnamon leaf, pine, thyme and patchouli.
Refreshing, purifying, gently clarifying.
Lemongrass – Cymbopogon Citratus (Family, Poaceae [Gramineae])

Perfume Note=Top

A refreshing, cleansing and stimulating tonic on the body, and added to shampoos
aids in adding a shine to the hair. An antiseptic and astringent oil. Sweet
powerful ‘lemony’ aroma which make a good refreshing and deodorizing room
fragrance. Warning Dilute to 1% and use only 3 drops in a bath as it may cause
irritation of the skin.
Lemon – Citrus Limonum (Family, Rutaceae)

Perfume Note=Top

Widely used in beauty care. It cleanses, refreshes, cools and stimulates.
Astringent and antiseptic oil. Useful for oily skin. Can be used to lighten
dull, stained hands or to tone and condition nails and cuticles. Blends well
with other oils. Warning Do not use lemon on the skin in direct sunlight. Dilute
to 1% and use only 3 drops in a bath as it may cause irritation of the skin.
Lime – Citrus Aurantifolia (Family, Rutaceae)

Perfume Note=Top

Acts like lemon and the other citrus oils, Nice aroma. Warning Do not use lime
on the skin in direct sunlight, however if the essential oil of lime is
distilled rather that expressed, then it does not have a phototoxic effect.
Dilute to 1% and use only 3 drops in a bath as it may cause irritation of the
Mandarin –  Citrus Noblis (Family, Rutaceae)

Perfume Note=Top

The fruits were once traditional gifts offered to the Chinese Mandarins – Hence
the name. A gentle and calming oil, good for oily skin. Known in France as “the
children’s remedy” for its mildness – use it in massage for the digestive system
and, like Lavender, can be used in massage oil to help prevent stretch marks.
Do not use Mandarin on the skin in direct sunlight.

Marigold –  Tagetes(Calendula)

Tagetes Glandulifera (or T. minuta or T. putuh) (Family, Asteraceae

Perfume Note=Top

Very good antifungal and good for smelly feet! A rather pungent aroma so it
helps to blend it with the citrus oils and Lavender.
Marjoram – Origanum Marjorama (Family, Lamiaceae [Labiatae])

Perfume Note=Middle

Used by the ancient Greeks. It soothes, comforts and warms. Useful on tired
muscles and for massaging on abdomen during menstruation. Used to regulate the
nervous system and treat insomnia. Add to After-Sports Rub. It is pleasant in a
hot bath, especially blended with Lavender. Warning Do not use during pregnancy.
Care must be taken due to its sedative action, so use sparingly!
Marjoram, Wild – Thymus Masticina (Family, Lamiaceae [Labiatae])

Perfume Note=Middle

Used in a massage oil for sensitive skin. (Marjoram hortensis, called sweet
marjoram, is the commonly used cooking herb) Warning Avoid use if pregnant.
Melissa – Milissa Officinalis (Family, Labiatae)

Perfume Note=Middle

A popular garden herb know also as ‘Lemon Balm’. Soothing but uplifting effect
on mind and body. Comforting oil during the cold season and when there is a high
pollen count. Large amounts, 300 pounds of fresh lemon balm plants to yield 10ml
of oil  Most oils you find are Blends. Warning Do not use Melissa on the skin in
direct sunlight. Dilute to 1% and use only 3 drops in a bath as it may cause
irritation of the skin. The oil has a lemony aroma and sharp, floral-lemon
Myrrh – Commiphora Myrrha, or C. Molmol (Family, Burseraceae)

Perfume Note=Base

The sap or resin from a tree rather than a true essential oil. A smokey,
mysterious oil, centering, visualizing and meditative. One of the oldest-known
perfume materials. Myrrh has a long history of use as incense, especially with
frankincense. Add to cream for protecting against cracking and chapping in the
cold. Add to gargle and mouthwash. Warning During pregnancy use Myrrh only in
Neroli Absolute – Citrus Aurantium (Family, rutaceae)

Perfume Note=Middle Illustration by Diana Lambourne

One of the Beautiful floral oils. It soothes, relaxes, uplifts the spirit and
helps maintain confidence. Exquisite aroma. Excellent skincare oil, perfect for
aging, dry sensitive skin and on scars and stretch marks. Sensual properties. Is
an aid to improve sluggish circulation, relieves tension, stress and anxiety,
useful for apprehension like stage fright. For a really luxurious blend mix with
Rose Absolute and Jasmine Absolute oils.
Niaouli – Melaleuca Viridiflora (Family, Myrtaceae)

This oil has a sweet, fresh fragrance. Strongly antiseptic, it is useful for
treating acne, boils and skin irritations. It is used as a chest rub and is good
when vaporized.
Orange – Citrus Saneness (Family, Rutaceae)

Perfume Note=Top

A Pleasant winter oil. It soothes, restores and uplifts the spirit. A Warming
‘jolly’ oil. Blend with spicy oils for cheering baths. Add to massage oil for
digestive system. Believed to brighten dull complexions. Encourages sleep.
Warning Do not use on the skin in direct sunlight. Dilute to 2% and use only 4/5
drops in a bath as it may cause irritation of the skin.
Palmarosa – Cymbopogon Martina (Family, Graminaceae)

Perfume Note=Middle

It has a light, lovely floral aroma which is uplifting. It aids clarity of mind
and also makes a wonderful skincare oil when mixed with Sweet Almond. It is said
to stimulate cellular regeneration and it moisturizes making it particularly
good for mature skin care and acne.
Parsley Seed – Petroselinum Sativum (Family, Apiaceae [Umbelliferae])

This essential oil has a warm, spicy and herby aroma. Its main use is as a
diuretic and in the treatment of urinary tract problems. Warning Parsley oil
should be used by all with great care as there can be confusion between Parsley
Leaf and Parsley Seed oils which can have different affects.
Patchouli – Pogostemon Patchouli Lamiaceae [Labiatae])

Perfume Note=Base

Are you an EX-HIPPY?? or even still one, then you’ll know this oil…. Peace
brothers and sisters….   A musky exotic oil which soothes and uplifts the
spirit. Useful in protecting dry, mature or blemished skin, Sensual properties,
Musky aroma lingers. Use on scalp for dandruff. Used in the East to scent linen
and clothes.
Peppermint – Mentha Piperta (Family, Lamiaceae [Labiatae])

Perfume Note=Top

One of the most important essential oils. It stimulates, refreshes, cools,
restores and uplifts mind and body. Add to a massage blend for the digestive
system. Excellent for refreshing tired head and feet. Sniff from bottle or one
drop on handkerchief to revive during travel. Add few drops to car dashboard to
help stay alert, clear thinking and fresh. Blended with Rosemary and Juniper it
makes an excellent morning bath. Warning Some Aromatherapists say do not use
Peppermint when pregnant. dilute to 1% Peppermint and use no more than 3 drops
in the bath as it may cause irritation to sensitive skins.
Petitgrain – Citrus Aurantium Rutaceae)

Perfume Note=Top Illustration by Diana Lambourne

Another oil from the same trees as Neroli/orange blossom though Pettigrain is
distilled from the leaves rather than the petals. Relaxes, restores, cleanses,
and uplifts the spirit. Similar properties to Neroli, it has deodorant
properties and helps to relieve anxiety and stress. Lovely aroma. Good in final
rinse for healthy hair, (two drops). blends well with Rosemary, Geranium,
Lavender and Bergamot as well as with Orange and Neroli.
Pine – Pinus Sylvestris (Family, Pinaceae)

Perfume Note=Middle

From the needles, young twigs and cones of the Pine tree. It stimulates,
refreshes and cleanses. With a strong, fresh, resinous aroma it has a powerful
antiseptic quality and is widely used. It has a deodorant affect and is often
used in commercial preparations. Warning Dilute and use with care as Pine oil
may otherwise cause skin irritation.
Rose Absolute – Rosa Damascena (Family, Rosaceae)

Perfume Note=Middle (The supreme “Bridging oil”)

Known as the Queen of oils. With ‘Feminine’ properties, emotionally soothing, it
tones, cleanses, uplifts the spirit and helps maintain self confidence.
Excellent skincare oil, perfect for dry/mature, aging or thread veined skin. It
has been renowned throughout the centuries as having Sensual and even
Aphrodisiac properties. Exquisite aroma. Another Expensive oil that needs only a
small amount to be affective. It can be a very sticky oil at room temperature
and goes solid at relatively high temperatures, but warming in the hands or
other more interesting warm places soon makes it more liquid. Seldom used in
commercial products, where a cheaper synthetic is used, to the detriment of the
appreciation of the properties of the real oil. Warning Avoid using during the
first four months of pregnancy.
Rose Otto – Rosa Damascena (Family, Rosaceae)

Perfume Note=Middle

A warm, intense, immensely rich fragrance. Rose oil is one of the oldest and
best known of all essential oils. It is used in all types of perfumes to lend
beauty and depth to the aroma. A drop or two in a massage, facial, or bath oil
creates a luxurious, soothing experience. The oil is also used in skin creams,
powders, and lotions. It is a  romantic, creative, gently cheering oil. Warning
Avoid using during the first four months of pregnancy.
Rosemary – Rosemarinus Officianlis (Family, Lamiaceae [Labiatae])

Perfume Note=Middle Illustration by Diana Lambourne

A popular oil in Aromatherapy where it revives, warms, stimulates and restores.
Excellent for refreshing tired muscles, feet and mind, allowing concentration.
Perfect in Pre and Post sports rubs to maintain suppleness. Helps combat water
retention and cellulite. Good hair tonic. An ‘ideal pick me up’.  Combats
fatigue and clears stuffy atmosphere. Warning Do not use Rosemary when pregnant,
having high blood pressure, or suffering from epilepsy. It may cause irritation
of the skin.
Rosewood – Aniba Rosaeodora (Family, Lauraceae)

Perfume Note=Middle/Top

Also known as Bois De Rose. A pleasant and flowery aroma. Relaxing and
deodorizing. Add to massage oil to help combat tired muscles -especially after
vigorous exercise. Has a steadying and balancing affect on nerves, useful during
exams. A good anti-depressant and may help migraine and ward off general
malaise. Due to the destruction of the hardwood rainforests where the trees come
from ensure that your oil comes from Waste Plantation grown wood. Ho wood or Ho
leaf can be used instead.
Sage – Salvia Officinalis (Family, Lamiaceae [Labiatae])

Perfume Note=Top

A useful regulator of the central nervous system.  May help with menstrual and
digestive disorders. Warning Do not use Sage when pregnant or suffering from
Sandalwood Mysore – Santalum Album (Family, Santalaceae)

Perfume Note=Base Illustration by Diana Lambourne

Musky, rich, exotic oils not initially strong aroma, but persistent,
traditionally burnt as an aid to meditation and much used in religious
ceremonies. Creates an exotic, sensual atmosphere with a reputation as an
aphrodisiac. Excellent skincare oil. useful for dry and damaged hair and as a
body fragrance.
Spearmint – Mentha Spicata (Family, Lamiaceae [Labiatae])

Perfume Note=Top

Energizing to the mind and body. Use in bath water for it’s refreshing effect.
Make a facial steam of spearmint oil in a pot of boiling water to help cleanse
and refine pores. It is refreshing, cooling, gently vitalizing.
Tangerine –  Citrus Reticulata (Family, Rutaceae)

Perfume Note=Top

A sweet tangy aroma. Used as an astringent for oily skin. Tangerine is also used
in drinks and desserts. Warning Avoid use in sun.
Tea Tree – Melaleuca Alternifolia (Family, Myrtaceae)

Perfume Note=Top Illustration by Diana Lambourne

Powerful antiseptic, antifungal and anti-viral. Good for acne, cold sores,
warts, and burns. Ideal for vaporizing to kill germs. Useful cleansing agent for
skin. Helps combat foot odor and athletes foot. Ti Tree, as it is also known,
has a wide range of uses, including some aids related illnesses, and further
reading is recommended. Warning May cause irritation to sensitive skins. Further
Information on Tea Tree and Its uses
Thyme – Thymus Vulgaris (Family, Lamiaceae (Labiatea)

Perfume Note=Middle

Long known since ancient times as a medicinal and culinary herb. Vaporize as a
household disinfectant. It has a strong pungent aroma and is said that it can
ward off rodents and get rid of fleas.   Warning Do not use Thyme when pregnant
or having high blood pressure. Dilute to no more than 2% Thyme before use. It
may cause irritation to sensitive skins.
Vetivert – Vetivera Zizanoides (Family, Poaceae [Gramineae])

Perfume Note=Base

Sometimes known as Vetiver. A deeply relaxing, soothing oil for the mind and
body. Earthy, smokey aroma, which is more pleasant when diluted. Assists in
reducing blood pressure. Sensual properties. Blends subtly with Lavender,
Sandalwood and Jasmine.
Wintergreen – Gualtheria Promcumbens (Family, (Family, Ericaceae)

A fresh, cleansing minty aroma. Warnings  Harmful or fatal if taken internally.
As little as one teaspoon can be fatal if ingested by a child. Dilute well, skin
irritant. Avoid if pregnant.
Yarrow – Achillea Millefolium (Family, Asteraceae [Compositae])

Perfume Note=Middle

Has sedative properties. Used for a wide variety of complaints, including chest
infections, digestive problems and nervous exhaustion. The Chinese use it for
menstrual problems and in Scandinavia it is used for Rheumatism. It is also used
for skin complaint including acne, reducing scaring for burns and cuts.
Ylang Ylang – Cananga Odorata (Family, Annonaceae)

Perfume Note=Base/Middle

‘Flower of flowers’ and often called ‘The poor person’s Jasmine’. A Sweet Exotic
oil, long used for its sensual properties. Soothing and relaxing during times of
tension and stress. Ideal for both oily and dry skins and as a hair rinse [2
drops in rinse water]. Blends well with Lemon and Bergamot.
Zanthoxylum – Zanthoxylum alatum, Z. americum, Z. rhesta (Family, Rutaceae)

This  native North American plants EO is from the berries of the tree and it
used in reducing stress and nervous tension to assist in a restful sleep. A good
uplifting oil. AKA Prickly Ash.



Because essential oils are affected by sunlight they should be sold and stored
in dark glass bottles, with stoppered caps. Make sure that the cap is on
securely and the bottle stored up-right in a cool dark place. The oils should be
stored out of sight and the touch of children. Remember that children,
especially small ones, are very inquisitive.  Never store essential oils in
plastic bottles. Good Essential oils should keep for several years if properly
stored, though the oils of orange, lemon and lime will not keep as long.
Patchouli is at the other extreme and actually gets better as it ages.

How to use the oils

How to use the oils

Think of the Whole Person


This is the most effective method of using the oils, combining their properties
with the therapeutic power of touch. The skin absorbs the oil over a large
surface area and because there are many small blood vessels, (capillaries),
close to the surface of the skin, the oils, diluted to 5% in a carrier oil, are
carried into the blood stream and then to the relevant parts of the body quickly and effectively.

The oils should not be used undiluted, but should be diluted with an odorless
carrier oil, (see section on carrier/base oils), such as grapeseed, sweet almond
or peach kernel. A dilution of 3% essential oil to carrier oil is a recommended
starting point. (Less if using on sensitive skin such as babies). This is
approximately one drop essential oil to two milliliters of carrier oil. (6 drops
in two teaspoonfuls). But in all cases less can be definitely more!


Using oils in baths is a simple, effective and pleasant way to relax and receive
the therapeutic effects. – Water itself has therapeutic value which enhances the powers of the oils. To use, add 6 to 10 drops of essential oil, (or a blend), to the surface of the water which has already been run, add no other substances, e.g. foam or bath oil, then immerse yourself for about 20 minutes. The heat of the water aids absorption through the skin, whilst you inhale the vapor. (Again reduce the amount of oils used in baths for babies).

Take care with plastic baths as some oils may cause staining.


Add 5 to 10 drops of essential oil to 100ml of warm water then soak a piece of
clean cotton in the water, wring out the excess and place the cloth on the
affected part.


Add 5 to 10 drops of essential oil into a bowl of steaming water, then place a
towel over your head and the bowl and inhale the vapor for a few minutes.


All essential oils are antiseptic and evaporate easily, so they make very good
air-fresheners. Different oils create different atmospheres, so experiment! For example, relaxing Sandalwood or Clary Sage are good for parties; or Peppermint clears your mind when you need to work. There are many vaporizers on the market, from the simple bowl of water on the radiator with a few drops of oil on the surface, to vaporizer light bulb rings and specially made vaporizer bowls which sit above candle holders. There is even the “Aromastone”TM which is an effective electric vaporizer dispensing fragrance from a low heat source, thereby making the water and the oils last longer than usual.

The best way of dispersing essential oils is to use a diffuser or the
Aromastream TM, as most other forms of vaporizer drive off the most volatile
“high notes” first, leaving the slowly evaporating “base notes” to linger.

I personally believe that vaporizing rings on light bulbs should be used
cautiously, though I have not heard off anyone having a fire through using one.


Make your own distinctive “Natural” perfume by blending different oils. (Many commercial perfumes use synthetic concoctions for their scent.) Try
experimenting with different combinations, which can be mixed with a carrier oil or non-fragrant alcohol.

Witch Works: Spells and Rituals for Every Season

Witch Works: Spells and Rituals for Every Season

By Kelly

Happy Halloween! Is it Bedtime Yet?

After a long night of tricks and treats, many a witch will want to settle down for a long winter’s nap. Why
not work a little dream magick while you’re at it?Homemade dream pillows or sachets make very effective,
and very smelly (in a good way!), forms of magick. See what messages you receive when you try this dream
pillow spell for yourself, on Samhain or any night!

Dream Pillow/Sachet Spell for Dream Work


Equal parts of the following herbs (amount will very depending on whether or not you are making pillows or
sachets, and the size of either):

Rose Petals

Felt/Fabric – Black and orange for Samhain, or any color you like.
Thread/Ribbon – The color of your choice
Essential Oil – Use one of the scents listed above. I recommend Chamomile, Lavender, or Eucalyptus.

Decide ahead of time if you will be making sachets or dream pillows. The pillows require more work and
materials, so choose wisely. If you are making dream pillows, you will want to pre-cut the material and
stitch the sides closed before casting a circle. Pre-cut your sachet material, but no pre-assembly is
required for the sachets.

Combine all of the herbs together in a large ritual bowl and then cast a circle in your normal manner.
Call on any deities/elements/guardians you feel comfortable with. Bless the herbs and empower them
with your intent. Raise energy, if you like, and run your hands lightly through the herb mixture to further
empower the herbs.

Portion out the sachets on the pre-cut squares or fill the pre-sewn dream pillows. Before closing the
sachet/pillow, place 1 drop of essential oil on the herb mixture. For sachets, draw up the sides of the
cloth and tie with a ribbon, or stitch closed if making the pillow.

Empower the finished sachets/pillow. Finish any magickal business you have and then close the circle. Sleep on your new dream pillow or pin a sachet to your bedclothes. Keep a journal next to your bed to record
your dreams upon waking.

Have a blessed Samhain!

About The Author: Kelly, is a solitary practitioner from the Midwest. She is currently a student at The White Moon School, studying to become a High Priestess. Kelly has been a practicing witch for 4 years and performs tarot readings and long distance energy work via the Internet.

Flea Prevention & Holistic Treatments for Cats

Flea Prevention & Holistic Treatments for Cats

by Celeste Yarnall

There’s so much that is done to our cats that is accepted and mediocre—so  much so that few ever challenge it, especially Western trained veterinarians.  But some of these habitual protocols done so mindlessly and often have turned  out to be quite harmful for our cats. One of those is the routine use of  chemical flea products. Let’s look at what we see advertised today  routinely.

Flea collars (whether herbal or insecticidal) don’t work! 

They don’t kill fleas, and they don’t even particularly repel them, except  for the area right around the collar. The grocery/pet store variety contains  concentrated toxic chemicals, and the herbal ones are irritating to  odor-sensitive cats. Topical (spot-on or pour-on) flea preventatives are  associated with liver disease and other adverse effects in cats. Permethrin,  pyrethrin, or pyrethroid-containing products intended for dogs are extremely  toxic to cats and have caused many feline deaths. Putting a dog flea product on  a cat causes neurological signs (twitching, disorientation, seizures) that  ultimately kill about 10 percent of cats.

Healthy cats eating a balanced, properly supplemented raw meat and raw bone diet are much  less susceptible to fleas and other parasites. If your cat is experiencing a  flea problem, work on improving your cat’s overall health and deal with the  immediate parasite situation. This is a “holistic” approach in the truest sense  of the word!

The conventional thinking that fleas are the problem is like saying  “flies cause garbage” just because the two are often found together. It is the  unhealthy state of the animal that attracts the parasites, just like garbage  attracts flies.

Fleas, those nasty little blood suckers, are tough, highly evolved parasites  that, once entrenched, are not easily eliminated. Fleas are attracted to warmth,  moving shadows, and the vibrations from foot (or paw) steps. When dealing with  fleas, you need to protect your cat and reach fleas and larvae hiding in carpets  and yards. Even exclusively indoor cats can get fleas, which travel in on  peoples shoes and clothing. (Keeping your cat indoors, however, will eliminate  the risk of ticks.) And removing shoes at your front door keeps fleas out and  helps keep other germs out as well.

Adult fleas spend most of their time on the cat, where they feed on blood  several times a day. Flea eggs are slippery and quickly fall off the cat and  onto the cat’s resting areas, floors, rugs, bedding, and furniture. The eggs  hatch and go through several intermediate stages before emerging as adults in as  little as two weeks, but they may remain dormant for months. That’s why even if  you get rid of the fleas on your cat, reinfestation is a common and very  frustrating phenomenon.

A Three-Pronged Approach to Treating Fleas

Try this one-two-three punch to eradicate fleas from your—and your cat’s—life.


Use an ultra-fine-tooth flea comb daily. Pay particular attention to the neck, tummy, and base of the tail, which are favorite flea hangouts. Have a glass or bowl full of warm, soapy water at hand to drown any fleas that turn up.

Bathe your cat. Bathing your cat will drown a lot of fleas, but apply soap around the ears and neck first to keep the fleas from rushing up to the cat’s head and face. The herb Erigeron Canadensis (Canadian fleabane), found in some herbal shampoos, will help kill fleas. Bathe no more than once a week.


Floor/carpet treatments such as diatomaceous earth (the fossilized shells of one-celled organisms called diatoms) and boric acid–derived powders will kill flea larvae, primarily through dessication (drying). Exterminators use borates; you can either hire professionals to treat your home or do it yourself. For a serious flea problem, it may be worth paying a professional since their work is guaranteed. Vacuuming is very effective against flea eggs and might even catch a few adults. To keep the eggs from hatching or the fleas from escaping, discard the bag immediately or use a flea spray in the vacuum bag or container, (not on the cat) either before or right after you vacuum.


Beneficial nematodes eat flea eggs and will help control flea populations outdoors.

Garden-grade diatomaceous earth is very effective. Concentrate on areas under shrubs and decks and other cool shady spots where animals (such as rodents, raccoons, and outdoor and feral cats) have access.

Be very careful about the so-called natural approaches to flea treatment such as the use of essential oils topically or internally for cats.

Remember essential oils can be very toxic to cats even though they are highly touted by so-called holistic pet experts. Do keep in mind that:

Cats’ livers do not have the necessary enzymes to break down and excrete certain chemical compounds in essential oils. The chemical compounds accumulate in a cat’s body and are sometimes toxic to the point of death. Cats are very sensitive to morphine, certain sulfanomides, salicylic acid (aspirin), acetaminophen (Tylenol), allyl propyl disulfide (onions) and compounds containing bezene (benzyl alcohol preservative). Avoid all of the following oils around cats:

Wintergreen and birch oils contain methyl salicylate, the same chemical compound in aspirin.

Phenol-containing oils: oregano, thyme, cinnamon (cassia), clove, savory, cedar, birch, and melaleuca (tea tree oil)

Ketones, such as sage

Monoterpene hydrocarbons pinene and limonene, most commonly found in the citrus and pine oils: lemon, orange, tangerine, mandarin, grapefruit, lime, bergamot, pine, spruce, and any fir oil. Many household cleaners and even pet products have these latter substances in them to make them smell nice to the owners.

Hydrosols are the appropriate form of essential oils to use in cats. Regardless, the cat should always be given a choice as to whether to “partake.” Forcing a cat to ingest oils that have not been tested for safety in their species seems most unwise and many essential oil people will do their best to tell you it is ok. However do not ever attempt this without a vet’s supervision at best.

Let’s only use foods and supplements that are safe and proven to be safe and effective for cats. The best oils for cats come from animal sources such as those that possess anti-inlammatory benefits such as Omega-3s from marine lipids which also help treat flea bite dermatitis.

For more holistic protocols for cats and information see The Complete Guide to Holistic Cat Care, An Illustrated Guide by Celeste Yarnall, PhD and Jean Hofve, DVM.

9 Essential Oils with Huge Health Benefits

9 Essential Oils with Huge Health Benefits

Samantha, selected from TreeHugger


Essential  oils have their place secured in a natural beauty routine: They’re   natural, chemical-free alternatives to everything from traditional  cosmetics to  potentially toxic fragrances.   But many can do a lot more than just smell good:  While we can’t say  with authority the 10 oils highlighted here are miracle  cures,  throughout history they’ve been credited with treating problems   including digestion issues and acne; increasing concentration; killing  germs  and much more.


The bright scent of peppermint does more than freshen your breath: It is also  used to soothe nausea and other stomach issues, help stop itching, and cool  overworked  muscles (thanks to the menthol).Add drops of peppermint oil to a  bowl of hot water and breathe in the  steam to fight congestion, or rub diluted  oil into sore muscles. And  that’s not all: Peppermint is a key ingredient in oil mixtures that fight  PMS, act as an  all-natural alternative to VapoRub, cool sore throats, and quiet  headaches — and it’s often credited with increasing concentration, so  ideal  for a mid-afternoon alternative to coffee pick-me-up.


For Anita Boen, who runs an organic farm that provides  herbs and oils to  upscale spas, lavender is a go-to oil for almost any situation: Not only  is it one of the few  oils that is gentle enough to use undiluted, it’s a  “virtual first aid  kit in a bottle.”The antibacterial  properties allow it to fight germs (which is  why it’s also such an  important ingredient in many all-natural  cleaning products for home and body), and, like  peppermint, it’s  often credited with aiding digestion and helping fight  headaches.

Lavender oil’s soft scent is said to help calm the nervous system,  improve  sleep quality, combat joint pain, and fight everything from  urinary disorders  and respiratory problems to high blood pressure and acne.


Sesame  oil may be best known for its moisturizing  qualities, which make it  a favorite ingredient for hair  and skin treatments.But the health benefits go beyond  beauty: Sesame oil has a slight SPF  factor, contains fatty acids believed to  lower stress and blood  pressure, and has been shown to help  slow the growth of cancer in cells.


This rose by any name will smell as sweet: Look for it  labeled as Rose Otto,  rose oil, or rose  essential oil, and choose oils produced in Bulgaria  and Turkey for  the highest quality. These slightly-distilled oils won’t have  the strong  scents of oils used for perfumes, but they are more popular with   aromatherapists.  Nature’s  Gift calls rose oil “the ultimate woman’s oil,”  because it has a  reputation for improving hormone balance, treating PMS and  menopause,  counteracting problems in the bedroom, and improving the look and  health  of your skin.


Planet Green suggests including geranium  oil as an ingredient in a PMS-fighting  solution,  but it’s also  well-known for its astringent properties —  which allow it to  refresh  skin — and its styptic aspects, which calm  inflammations and stop   hemorrhaging.You can also use geranium  oil to treat acne, and oily skin, boost   circulation, and decrease  bloating. The oil can reduce the appearance  of scars  and blemishes, get  rid of body odor, and contract  blood  vessels to diminish the appearance of lines  and wrinkles.


The sharp tang of pine   oil may call up Christmas trees and rugged aftershaves, but this   tree’s  needles also offer antiseptic, antibacterial, and analgesic   properties that  make it a favorite of holistic health experts.Pine oil  is said to help treat  skin issues — including psoriasis,  eczema, and  pimples; speed up metabolism;  act as an antidote to food  poisoning;  ease joint pain and arthritis; kill  germs; and battle  respiratory  problems that go along with cough and cold  season.


Spicy clove  oil is one of the main ingredients in Tiger  Balm, an all-natural remedy said to temper hangover  headaches —  but holistic health practitioners find other uses for it, too.It’s  a popular choice for dental issues, including tooth and gum  pain, and some  sites recommend using it for bad breath (although whether  you’d rather have  your breath smell like cloves is up to you).

Clove  oil is also antiseptic, so diluted versions can treat  bug bites,  cuts, and scrapes; other suggested treatments help clear up  earaches,  digestion problems, nasal congestion, stomachaches, and headaches. As  an  added bonus, it’s an aphrodisiac — and therefore a popular form of  stress  relief.

Black Pepper

It might not be as  sweet-smelling as the more floral entries on this list,  but black  pepper oil still has its place in your natural health  arsenal.Pepper had its day as one of the world’s most valuable spices, in  part  because of its healing properties, which include aiding digestion,  undoing  cramps and convulsions, warming muscles to ease joint pain and  arthritis, and  curing bacterial infections.

Lemon Balm

Lemon  balm essential oil, also known as Melissa essential  oil after the  plant’s Latin name, Melissa officinalis, doesn’t look  like much,  but it has plenty of benefits. It’s an antidepressant, it keeps your  nervous  system working smoothly, it calms anxiety and inflammation, it   counteracts insomnia, it heals ulcers, it fights bacterial infections,  and has  been credited with treating herpes, headaches, and high blood  pressure.


Clean Air Alternatives to Aerosol Spray

Clean Air Alternatives to Aerosol Spray

by Cherise Udell

This is probably not a surprise to you if you have ever used an aerosol spray  can, but these little stinkers are often dangerously toxic to you and the  environment. All you have to do is read the warning label to realize you just  may have a time-bomb in your hand. We all know that if allowed to heat-up, that  pressurized aerosol can actually become a real bomb and explode. But did you  also know that the fine vapor mist, along with the inevitable chemical cocktail  of some aerosol products, has been linked to cancer, brain damage and even death  for the user? Furthermore, aerosols are at the root of some big environmental problems  such as air pollution and global warming.

Next to injections, breathing fine vapor mist is the fastest way to absorb a  chemical into your body. For someone having a massive asthma attack, medicinal  delivery through a fine mist is a godsend. For children getting their annual flu  shot, the new flu mist, in lieu of a needle, is also something to be celebrated.  But for the rest of us just trying to get ready for the day, clean our homes or  finish a project, the user-friendly aerosol can often requires a deal with the  devil. Just as asthma medication is quickly inhaled via aerosol spraying, so are  the hundreds of questionable chemicals that come in other types of aerosol  cans.

Fortunately, there are numerous alternatives to that highly flammable, often  highly polluting, potentially cancer-causing aerosol can.


The spray-on sunscreen is mighty tempting; who likes the  greasy feeling of hand-applying suntan lotion? I know I don’t and neither do my  kids. But it is very likely your lungs or your children’s lungs like the fine  particle spray laced with numerous dubious chemicals even less. Furthermore, why  trade the possibility of skin cancer from the sun for the possibility of another  type of cancer somewhere inside your body? Do your body and the air a favor and  return to the hand-applied sunscreens — or find a “stick” alternative such as  California Baby.

Odor Removal

We all enjoy a fresh-smelling home, car and office. Yet diaper pails, pet  odors, and food odors are notoriously difficult to dispel….unless you know about  vinegar.  Vinegar has an extraordinary capacity to wipe-out even the  strongest, most persistent odors. All you need to do is mix water with white vinegar (I like 2/3 vinegar and 1/3 water) in a spray  bottle and mist as you would with an air freshener. You will smell the strong  scent of vinegar for about five minutes, but then it dissipates, taking along  the offensive order with it! I spray trash bins, shoes, pet areas, the kitchen,  my car and laundry room with vinegar on a regular basis and without the guilt  and risk of using toxic aerosols. Another plus to vinegar — it is very  inexpensive, especially if you buy the big jugs at Costco.

If just removing the stinky smells is not enough and you want some lovely  scents to escort you through your day, try pure essential oils. You can apply the scent of your choice in a  number of ways: a) just sprinkle a few drops on your carpet, bed linens or wood  floors; b) mix a few drops of the essential oil in a spray bottle filled with  water and spray; c) use a water-based diffuser or d) use a candle diffuser. Try  lemon, lavender, rose and/or cinnamon for some fresh clean scents. Personally, I  love Do Terra essential oils for their purity and high medicinal grade – and  thus recommend these highly.

Clothing Starch

Some people love their clothes starched to keep them extra  crisp and fresh. If you are one of these well-dressed individuals, try ditching  the aerosol spray and use a mixture of cornstarch and water in a spray bottle  instead. Mix one tablespoon of cornstarch for each pint of water. Test the blend  on a dish towel and add more cornstarch if needed (a 1/2 teaspoon or less at a  time), to get the crispness you desire.

Furniture and Stainless Steel Polish

Try olive oil or any cooking oil as a wood furniture polish. Olive oil also  works well with stainless steel. If you prefer a scented polish, again, just add  a few drops of a pure essential oil such as lavender or lemon. Be sure to use a  little elbow grease to polish the oil to create a nice sheen and remove any oily  residue left behind.

Hair Spray

Farrah Fawcett probably could not have managed her signature hairdo if it  weren’t for aerosol hair spray, but fortunately having two shellacked wings of  hair framing your face is no longer in style. That is not to say that some of us  still don’t rely on a little help with our locks. If you need hairspray, ditch  the aerosol can and choose a pump hair spray instead. Early forms of aerosol  hairspray contained vinyl chloride, a known carcinogen, as well as, CFCs which  were very effective at eating the ozone in our atmosphere, and therefore a big  culprit in global warming. Fortunately, both CFCs and vinyl chloride were banned  in hairspray products in the 1970s. However, according to a PBS website, even  without the vinyl chloride, it is not known whether the ingredients currently  used in hairspray are safe for human use.

Magick Balm To Heal A Broken Heart

Magick Balm To Heal A Broken Heart

Items You Will Need:

  • A small piece of rose quartz
  • A glass jar or bottle, preferably green, with a lid or stopper
  • 9 ounces of olive, almond, or grape seed oil
  • 6 drops of rose, jasmine, or ylang-ylang essential oil
  • 1/4 teaspoon dried chamomile leaves

Best Time To Cast:

Begin on the New Moon and continue for as long as necessary

The Spell/Balm:

Collect the ingredients needed for this magick balm. Wash the rose quartz and the jar with mild soap and water. Cast a Circle around the area where you will do your spell. Pour the olive, almond or grape seed oil into the jar. Add the essential oil and inhale the fragrance, allowing it to relax your mind. Crush the chamomile leaves very fine and sprinkle them in the oil. Add the rose quartz. Cap the jar and shake it three times to blend and charge the ingredients. Open the circle.

Before going to bed, pour a little of the magick balm into your palm and dip your index finger in it. Then rub the oil on your skin at your heart center. Feel it gently soothing the pain. Take several slow, deep breaths, inhaling the pleasant scent, letting it calm your thoughts and emotions. Repeat each night and each morning until your sadness diminishes.

Daily Feng Shui Tip for June 19 – ‘World Sauntering Day’

You just gotta love a day devoted to walking in a cocky yet confident manner. But ‘World Sauntering Day’ would not be complete without advice for holistically applying TLC to your tired tootsies. This specific foot massage even works wonders with colicky or cranky babies. Mix ten drops each of lavender essential oil and chamomile into a base of a half-cup of grapeseed oil and blend well. Beginning with the left foot, stroke this blend up from the bottom of your foot from sole to toe. Use firm pressure as you apply the oil in straight strong strokes. Soon you’ll feel like doing your own jig. This Ayurvedic inspired massage raises your spirits as it slightly lowers your blood pressure. Now there’s something to kick up your heels about!

By Ellen Whitehurst for